However, sometimes as many as fifteen colors are used for contrast and outlines, including several different shades of red. Both warp and weft are made of wool and cotton, though silk wefts are also found. Sometimes gold or silver threads are used for small highlights, recalling the early “Polonaise” rugs. Carpets vary in size, though large carpets are quite rare. Modern Esfahan carpets bear mostly the Shah Abbasi designs; patterns are very intricately drawn and precisely executed.
Among other carpets woven in Esfahan are Armani Bafs made by Christian Armenians with the Turkish knot, and Isfahan Mirs, nomads’ carpets from the vicinity of Esfahan, also finely woven with the Turkish knot.