Hamadan is the capital city of Hamadan province, Iran. Hamdan locateted in 320 km (200 mi) from Tehran the capital of Iran.
Hamadan is known as the city of scientists, ancient history and civilization. One of the most ancient capital cities of Iran, called “Hegmataneh” or “Ecbatana” is placed in this city. Located in the foothills of Zagros Mountains, Hamadan is a green mountainous city. It is home to many poets and Iranian scientists and philosophers.
“HEGMATANEH” OR “ECBATANA”
“Place of Gathering” is the literal meaning of this ancient city which was the first capital city of the first Persian Empires. Alongside with Athens in Greece and Rome in Italy, Ecbatana is one of the most ancient, yet important, cities in the world.
THE MAUSOLEUM OF AVICENNA
Ibn-e Sina was a physician, physicist, philosopher, poet, jurist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist and music theorist. His mausoleum is located in city of Hamadan and is visited by hundreds tourists from all around the world every year.
The world’s largest water cave is located in the north of Hamadan, western Iran. The only way to visit this cave is sitting in a boat and enjoying the untouched beauty inside. Excavations and archeological studies proves the history of the cave dates back to 12,000 years ago. There is no oxygen in the water of this cave, hence, no living creature can be found under water.
Ganj Nameh is a historical inscription that commemorates the acts of the Achaemenid kings, Darius I the Great and its son, Xerxes I. Ganjnameh is situated on the side of a rocky hill in Alvand Mountains in Hamadan Province.
THE TOMB OF ESTHER AND MORDECHAI
The Tomb of Esther and Mordechai is the most important pilgrimage site for Jews in Iran. The tomb belongs to a beautiful Jewish woman, the queen of the Persian king, Esther, who saved Jews from annihilation by Persian Empire with the help of her cousin, Mordecai. Every year, on the holiday of Purim, Iranian Jews make a pilgrimage to this shrine.